By Bryan Maldonado
DIRT: Archaeology, Artifacts, Bones, and Organizations
Archaeology is the study of ancient and recent human remains or material like artifacts in order to get more information about the past culture and the way of life. Artifacts are more than just a rare or ancient object they also tell archaeologist a story or even the lifestyle of people or animals from back then. An Archaeologist can tell a lot from human remains; with intensive research on bones they can tell what a person died from, disease they could have carried, or if the body received any damage.
How does archaeology relate to Public History?
Public History is very broad but to me it means teaching people about History without them even knowing they are learning History mainly because the teaching is done outside of specialized academic learning centers. Public Historians preserve artifacts just how archaeologist do both fields are finding new discoveries and informing the public about it one way or another. An example on how History and Archaeology relate are Historical houses. Some Historical House have been preserved to be studied and showed to the public but the interesting part is that artifacts have been found in these homes and archaeologist are usually on the scene to learn more about things that are found in these Ancient treasure homes full of information.
There are always new discoveries due to findings on remains of bones and artifacts. Just today on November 15, 2017 archaeologist have believed to found cremated bones of Buddha in a 1000 year old chest in China. They also found 260 Buddhist statues and a structure that could be from the now lost Manjusri Hall, according to LiveScience. Most of these statues found will be most likely be put in a museum after intensive research has been done in my opinion.
Another interesting discovery is that in southwestern Germany last year archaeologist uncovered two teeth where the Rhine River use to flow that date back to 9.7 million years ago that could re-write human history. The team recently made their findings public because they had to do the research to make sure they are correct on their findings. According to professor Lutz the teeth found will be up for exhibition in the Lands Museum in Mainz.
There are many organizations and groups of people that realized that all these rare things need to be preserved so that future generations can learn from. One of the more popular regulations so that people do not just destroy these artifacts are those of NAGPRA. Which protects native American and Hawaiian cultural items, humans remans an sacred objects here in the United States of America. The government has also passed a law known as Section 106 that is designed to assist federal agencies in making effective management decision about archaeological resources and findings. About 90 percent of archaeological excavations done in the United States of America are done according to Section 106 of the NHPA.
McDonald, Carol , et al. “ Public Archaeology is….” Saa.oprg, Public Archaeology is….
Borrud, Gabriel, and Deutsche Welle. “9.7-Million-Year-Old teeth discovery in Germany could re-Write human history.” Usatoday.com, www.usatoday.com/story/news/world/2017/10/21/9-7-million-year-old-teeth-discovery-germany-could-re-write-human-history/787140001/.
Godden, Maryse . “ENLIGHTENING Buddha’s cremated bones may have been discovered in this 1,000-Year-Old chest in China.” Https://Www.thesun.co.uk, www.thesun.co.uk/news/4919187/buddha-bones-china-cremated-chest-discovery/.