Satchel Paige

By Lontay Greene

 

fameJust because you are the greatest to ever do something, doesn’t mean that you will always have the chance to show everyone that you are the greatest to ever do it. Leroy Robert “Satchel” Paige became the oldest rookie of his time when he entered the Major League Baseball team named the Cleveland Indians in the year of 1948. His late entrance into the Major Leagues was never a question of talent, but as halted by the breaking of the color barrier that refused to allow men of color to enter the Major Leagues. Well before he ever stepped foot on an MLB mound, he was already regarded as one of the best pitchers of all time amongst his experience in the Negro Leagues. He played for a variety of teams in the Negro leagues including his most famous landing spots being the Birmingham Black Barons, the Pittsburgh Crawfords, and the Kansas City Monarchs. Being from Mobile Alabama, it is astonishing that he would ever have the opportunity to travel abroad to so many different places playing baseball that stem much further than the few listed. He had stints in a myriad of places that even stretched overseas at times, and always going wherever the salary would be better suited.

baseballHe was a nomad of an individual but a model of consistent excellence inside atop of the pitcher’s mound. His highlights of his career would include brandishing a sixty-four-inning scoreless streak, twenty-one consecutive wins, and an unheard of record of thirty-one wins and only four losses. He was an otherworldly level ballplayer that stretched his career until he was practically half a century old, that was unofficially claimed after his official documentation was lost earlier in his life. Leroy Robert Satchel Paige does not have the name power or notoriety as players such as Willie Mays and Jackie Robinson when you are discussing the color divide in baseball but unarguable deserves to be in that conversation. Paige was only the seventh African American player to enter the Major Leagues after Jackie Robinson led the charge, but had little time leaving his mark.

He “only” pitched a sub 2.5 ERA(earned run average) at the prime age of forty-two years of age while ,absurdly, being considered an option for winning Rookie of the Year after having already played for a few decades in the Negro Leagues. His numbers in the Negro Leagues alone should put him amongst the shrine of greats in the baseball history books, along with his stellar performance at the tail end of his career to show his prowess even when he was well past his prime. In 1971, just eleven years before his death, he was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame to become the first African American pitcher to do so.

Everyone that is great do not always live to experience their greatness being honored, but even though he was not as appreciated as much during his career he ultimately got to see the fruits of his labor gain respect, notoriety and ultimately blossom.

Sources:

NC Sports Hall of Fame

By Dylan Livingston

Founded in 1962, the North Carolina Sports Hall of Fame, placed in the North Carolina Museum of History, has impressed and entertained North Carolina residents and travelers alike. The NC Hall of Fame is chalk full of amazing athletes and coaches detailing what they did for their school, their team and most importantly, their state. I traveled there for the first time with my 4th grade elementary school class to cap off a really fun quarter where we detailed North Carolina history while also talking about its heroes in the sports world. Some of North Carolina’s most famous athletes include: Michael Jordan (considered professional basketball’s best player ever), Mia Hamm (one of United State soccer’s most decorated olympians), and Richard Petty who won 200 competitive races in the sport of NASCAR.

This section of the NC Museum of History boasts many trophies and outlines some of the most famous nation-wide places that countless professional events have taken place in. Some of these places include the Pinehurst Resort in Pinehurst, NC (golf) and the Charlotte Motor Speedway (NASCAR).

Although I have not been back to the NC Sports Hall of Fame in about five years, I can remember how nicely presented all of the material was compared to another hall of fame I have been to. This summer I went to Hockeytown Cafe in Detroit, Michigan which also has a hall of fame, specific to hockey, that was not portrayed in such a glowing manner compared to the NC hall of fame. The Hockeytown Cafe lacked good exhibit labels and didn’t do the players on view very much justice. In comparison, the NC hall of fame does a great job incorporating “flow” by giving its sports fanatics an easily navigable set of exhibit rooms with informative videos, sprawling exhibit labels and portable audio devices which assist in leading them throughout the exhibition.

Each year, several new members are inducted in the North Carolina Sports Hall of Fame through a small ceremony. Newly inducted members come from many different sports including: bowling, football, tennis, track and field, hangliding and horse racing, to name a few. A personal favorite, Duke Basketball’s head coach Mike Krzyzewski (the winningest college basketball coach of all time) has his own shrine within the hall of fame. A national championship winner with Duke in five different seasons, “Coach K” will forever go down as one of the state’s most famous and successful coaches.

https://www.biography.com/people/richard-petty-9439013 http://hockeytowncafe.com/ https://www.ncmuseumofhistory.org/exhibits/nc-sports-hall-of-fame

Education & Public Schools

By Jay Buckley

The Department of Education was created in 1867. Since then, many things have changed to help benefit children in all communities throughout the United States. Laws have been passed to prohibit discrimination based on race, sex, and disability. Programs like Title I bring federal aid to schools in poor urban and rural areas. The assistance of these programs also benefits postsecondary education by providing financial aid programs for college students.

Education is one of the biggest tools for success. Unfortunately, some neighborhoods are unable to provide the same amount of support and money like other communities throughout the same district. The public should be more outraged by this because by funding these schools, they are ultimately investing in the future of our nation through our children.

Recently, there have been two individuals who are on opposing ends of public school spectrums. Betsy DeVos, who was nominated by President Trump as the Secretary of Education and Chancelor Bennett, better known as Chance the Rapper. DeVos and her children have never attainted public schools, while Chance is a product of the Chicago Public School system. Neither of them have a degree in education but they both have made very powerful stances about public schooling.

DeVos is an advocate for “school choice” meaning parents who are able to could send their children to private schools bringing along the money they would provide to the local public school. She believes in school vouchers which use public money to fund private, religious schools. Overall, she is dangerous to public school systems especially those in low income neighborhoods.

Chance believes “funding for public schools is the single most important investment a community can make.” He met with the Governor of Illinois to discuss funding for Chicago’s public schools. He has donated $1 million and raised $2.2 million in grant money. He also plans on hosting an awards show in 2018 for teachers, parents, principals, and students that convey leadership.

Taking away money from public schools fail to protect kids from increased segregation. The schools in low income neighborhoods already struggle with funding for the school system. It is clear that DeVos does not understand the role of the department or perhaps she does not take it seriously. After looking at the 2018 budget for Education, it is clear we need more people who are as passionate about the importance of funding public education as Chance the Rapper.

 

http://www.businessinsider.com/chance-the-rapper-teacher-awards-proving-why-public-schools-matter-2017-9

https://www.npr.org/sections/ed/2017/05/22/529534031/president-trumps-budget-proposal-calls-for-deep-cuts-to-education

DIRT: Archaeology, Artifacts, Bones, and Organizations

By Bryan Maldonado

DIRT: Archaeology, Artifacts, Bones, and Organizations

Archaeology is the study of ancient and recent human remains or material like artifacts in order to get more information about the past culture and the way of life. Artifacts are more than just a rare or ancient object they also tell archaeologist a story or even the lifestyle of people or animals from back then. An Archaeologist can tell a lot from human remains; with intensive research on bones they can tell what a person died from, disease they could have carried, or if the body received any damage.

How does archaeology relate to Public History?

Public History is very broad but to me it means teaching people about History without them even knowing they are learning History mainly because the teaching is done outside of specialized academic learning centers. Public Historians preserve artifacts just how archaeologist do both fields are finding new discoveries and informing the public about it one way or another. An example on how History and Archaeology relate are Historical houses. Some Historical House have been preserved to be studied and showed to the public but the interesting part is that artifacts have been found in these homes and archaeologist are usually on the scene to learn more about things that are found in these Ancient treasure homes full of information.historic house

Recent Discoveries

There are always new discoveries due to findings on remains of bones and artifacts. Just today on November 15, 2017 archaeologist have believed to found cremated bones of Buddha in a 1000 year old chest in China. They also found 260 Buddhist statues and a structure that could be from the now lost Manjusri Hall, according to LiveScience. Most of these statues found will be most likely be put in a museum after intensive research has been done in my opinion.

Another interesting discovery is that in  southwestern Germany last year archaeologist uncovered two teeth where the Rhine River use to flow that date back to 9.7 million years ago that could re-write human history. The team recently made their findings public because they had to do the research to make sure they are correct on their findings.  According to professor Lutz the teeth found will be up for exhibition in the Lands Museum in Mainz.

Organizations

There are many organizations and groups of people that realized that all these rare things need to be preserved so that future generations can learn from. One of the more popular regulations so that people do not just destroy these artifacts are those of NAGPRA. Which protects native American and Hawaiian cultural items, humans remans an sacred objects here in the United States of America. The government has also passed a law known as Section 106 that is designed to assist federal agencies in making effective management decision about archaeological resources and findings. About 90 percent of archaeological excavations done in the United States of America are done according to Section 106 of the NHPA.

Bibliography

McDonald, Carol , et al. “ Public Archaeology is….” Saa.oprg, Public Archaeology is….

Borrud, Gabriel, and Deutsche Welle. “9.7-Million-Year-Old teeth discovery in Germany could re-Write human history.” Usatoday.com, www.usatoday.com/story/news/world/2017/10/21/9-7-million-year-old-teeth-discovery-germany-could-re-write-human-history/787140001/.

Godden, Maryse . “ENLIGHTENING Buddha’s cremated bones may have been discovered in this 1,000-Year-Old chest in China.” Https://Www.thesun.co.uk, www.thesun.co.uk/news/4919187/buddha-bones-china-cremated-chest-discovery/.

Click to access ACHP%20ARCHAEOLOGY%20GUIDANCE.pdf

Visit to Washington, D.C.

By Ken Wilson

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U.S. Air Force via Getty Images

Now this is a story all about how my life got flipped turned upside down and I’d like to take a minute, just keeping reading and see and I’ll tell you how about my 8th grade trip to Washington, D.C.

Bear with me, this trip was about 7 years ago in March of 2010. This trip was restricted for to just students that were in any AAP (Advanced Academic Program) level Social Studies course at my middle school, Heyward Gibbes. They took about 50 or so students with about 7 teachers all of whom taught us at some point or another. They were all history fanatics or like us could use the break from school. We were set to go for 4 days and 3 nights so that we could truly soak up what nation’s capital had to offer us. But now let me get to the trip.

So, our trip started with our parents getting us to school to leave on a charter bus at about 8:30 in the morning. For someone like me this trip would be the farthest I had ever traveled outside of South Carolina. Still to this day as I am writing this in November I have not gotten the opportunity to travel far and wide…yet. The car ride was very tough for me because I had never been in a moving anything for more than 2 hours so to be on a charter bus with 50 other people for a little more than 8 hours was a new experience for me. When we got there the first place we stopped was our hotel to drop off our stuff. If I remember right I believe we stayed at a Hilton Hotel.

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Union Station, Image courtesy of Trip Savvy https://www.tripsavvy.com/union-station-in-dc-1039853

After dropping off stuff, stretching our legs, using the restroom and taking in the beauty that was truly this city, we visited Union Station where we got the opportunity to visit all of the different shops and restaurants located in just that location. I remember it being very big and sort of intimidating but in a good way and that is saying something considering I’ve always been a big guy, myself. Our night didn’t end with just Union Station because after we finished there we went night sight-seeing around the city and got up the public area behind the White House. It was a sight that I’ll never forget because it was right there, erected in front of me. The other great thing about walking around D. C. at night is that we didn’t have a tour guide so we were free to explore as much of the city (as long as our teachers could see us!) as we wanted. That first night was so breathtaking from the moment it started to the moment I laid down to sleep that night.

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Image from Air and Space Museum website

The next day was just as exciting because we went to the Smithsonian Museum that focused on Air and Space. It was exhilarating to see that there was a whole place dedicated to showcasing how far we as humans have come in exploring our worlds from aerial views. After that we went to the National Museum of African Art which was really exciting especially because everyone on the trip except two of my teachers happen to be of color and we were able to experience firsthand a facet of African culture. We saw artwork in the forms of traditional African island mask and videos of recorded African ritual dancing.

I’ll have to explore the rest of the trip in another blog.

Magic: A Brief History

By Tim Greving

Magic: the Gathering is a card game that was first printed in 1993 and created by Richard Garfield. The game is played with two or more people that usually start at twenty life, a player wins by reducing their opponent(s) to zero life.  New Magic cards are still being printed today, though they are vastly different than the cards that were originally printed.

The card on the left was printed in 1993 while the card on the right was printed in 2015. The cards are not only used to play but too collect. Many people do not actually play the game and collect the cards like they are works of art. In history the “Mona Lisa” is considered to be the work of art. In Magic, there is a card similar to the “Mona Lisa”, it is an Alpha Edition Black Lotus.

lotusWhile the “Mona Lisa” is priceless, an Alpha Black Lotus is not. A Black Lotus from Alpha can be sold at anywhere from $10,000 to $100,000 depending on the quality of the card. While a Lotus is the crown jewel of a collection, money value is not the only thing that determines the value of cards. In my personal collection I have a Mountain signed by the artist. It is priceless to me, and I value it higher than some of the game’s most expensive cards.

Most people play the game for fun, while other play the game competitively and to make money. There is a Pro Tour series that players can play in, the Pro Tour events are held in various cities around the world and take place two weeks after a new set is released. The Pro Tour has been taking place since 1996 and there are generally three to four PT events that happen each year. With the tournament’s winner taking home $50,000. The PT is when the Legends of the magic community are made, one legend is Jon Finkel. He is considered a Magic legend because of his sheer amount of success he has in the Pro Tour. Finkel has 16 Pro Tour top 8s, which is top 8 players after playing 16 rounds of Swiss play, and winning 3 of the 16 he has played in. Besides the Pro Tour there are Grand Prixes held on the weekends when there are not Pro Tour events. Along with tournaments held officially by Wizards (the company that is over Magic) there is the Star City Games Open tournaments.magic tourny

Tournaments are great places to play games of Magic, create legends, and show off collections, they are also a great place to make friends are create a community. When people get together it promotes discussion, not only about the game but about different political and personal issues. Personally, I have made some amazing friends through Magic and have gotten to learn different stories from different people, whether it be personal stories or stories based on the card game.

References:

Gatherer – Magic: The Gathering, gatherer.wizards.com/Pages/Default.aspx.

Lincoln Giants

By Lontay Greene

Olympic Field sprouted the roots of a baseball team in New York, that would hold as much cultural impact in the Harlem Renaissance as the singers, poets, and writers. The Lincoln Giants entered the scene of Harlem in the year 1911, under the co-ownership of Jess and Edward McMahon.

teamThe Lincoln Giants were not the first baseball team to enter the New York area, but were the first black baseball team to emerge. The Giants shared to city with the neighboring Major League Baseball team, the New York Highlanders, that were the Major Leagues before they were integrated. The New York Highlanders of Manhattan would later become the New York Yankees while the Lincoln Giants would still be a staple in the black and white communities.

You could guarantee on any given Sunday that you would find great crowds meeting on Sunday 136th Street and 5th Avenue of a heterogenous mixing of men, women, and children coming to watch their home town team come play baseball. The Lincoln Giants players were a great mix of the most talented players recruited from other major cities with high African-American populations. There were large crowds of 10,000 or more on the communal Sunday, where it was usually one of the few days that everyone, specifically blacks, would not have to work. Although there were a mixture of blacks and whites, in the middle of racial tension, there were never any reports of fights, altercations, or arrests.

The progression of black culture was projected in Harlem as an example of what the black community stood for. In reaction to that, the Lincoln Giants were a representation of Harlem also, and inherently as the United States. Lincoln Giants baseball of what the Harlem Renaissance, the Civil Rights Movement, and what the country could represent. In the years nineteen-eleven, nineteen-twelve, and nineteen-thirteen, the Lincoln Giants were in their heyday when they reached their peak success, winning the (unofficial) Eastern Championship three times in a row (nineteen-eleven, nineteen-twelve, and nineteen-thirteen).

john henry lloydThis team was assembled by a group of prominent players that were centered on a player by the name of John Henry Lloyd (a.k.a. Pop). John Henry Lloyd was an outstanding ball player that manned the shortstop position for only three years. In those three years, Lloyd was an unmatched figure on the field raking a .475 batting average in his first season in New York. As a baseball player he held an unprecedented career average of .343 and a .450 slugging percentage in a span of over two decades of playing professional baseball around the country. Lloyd is now in the National Baseball Hall of Fame for his amazing talents in the baseball community. His enormous impact in Harlem was key in making the Lincoln Giants out of Harlem gain a sense of integral pride in their community and the amazing social steps forward that were taken as a part of the Harlem Renaissance movement.

Sources:

https://digitalharlemblog.wordpress.com/2011/07/27/baseball-1920s-harlem/

https://baseballhall.org/hof/lloyd-pop

The Structure & Organization of Museums and Historic Houses

By Morgan Condrey

 

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Morgan at the Horry County Museum

When you walk into a museum or historic house you always note the cleanliness as well how everything is in a specific order or place. Both are known for their attention to detail in regards to both the exhibits as well as the official structure of the operations. So what keeps these places organized, and how are these institutions structured? We will discuss this throughout the blog post, as well as touch on the importance of museums to society.

The way a museum structure is set up involves several tiers of jobs and bosses. The first and most job is the museum director; museum directors are also known as museum curators. The museum director/ curator is in charge of overseeing the storage of the museum’s collections that it displays. They are also in charge of raising funds to keep the museum running in tip top shape. In a sense the director is the backbone of the museums and oversees most all of the operations that take place in or in reference to the museum they work for. The next job while working in a museum is the education portion, the people who work in this area of the museum have an important job as well. The educators come up with good information and transfer that information to the public in a way that is deemed exciting and informative. The education portion of the museum is in charge of creating the tours of the museum that everyone finds so exciting. The next section of the workers in the museum are the tour guides and such. As in their title they are responisible for the execution of the tours designed and made up by the educators of the museum. They walk around the museum and inform the public of all of the information on the exhibits within the museum. After the tour guides we have the marketing and communications portion of the museum staffing. This area is the central point of distributing information to the public about the museum as well for the museum. This particular area promotes exhibits, events, the donations, as well as other important goings ons around the museum through strategic marketing and advertising.

blogtierAlong the way there are other important jobs that are done by everyday people such as the janitors, the people who work the front desk, and other smaller areas. As a child your schools and parents probably took you to various museums. Whether it had been an art, historical, science, or any other science museum it is not always why they exist.

From my prior knowledge museums are here to inform and educate the public in a wat that is also entertaining! It is the job of public history and museums to almost “trick” people into being educated about a topic or idea. Lots of time museums will make education fun by making it interactive or perceiving said information in a way that makes the public interact and learn.

Sources:

 

One Student’s Thoughts on 395

By Daniel Cochran

I signed up for this class having no real clue what was to be taught from the description, but I needed another 300+ (at least, though I’ve been try’n to take only 400+ to finish out my history degree at Coastal) level class to finish out the final requirements before the Capstone (HIST498).

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Learning in the Boardroom at Horry County Museum

The part of the description for the course that stated, “learn more about post-baccalaureate employment opportunities as well as graduate programs in public history” really sparked my interest. Because, research is my passion whether it be into the computer world I have lived in for over 30 years (started programming professionally in 1989), or the true interest of my life, history. Therefore, I was interested in learning what, if anything, I could do to make a living or perform part-time in semi-retirement to earn a buck or two. Finally, I looked at this class as an easy “A” to be honest.

 

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The “Vault” of Archival Items

Well, Dr. Clary makes sure you work for your grade, as have all my professors at Coastal, so it is not a level 100 “easy A” class. However, it is a very interesting and mostly enjoyable class. Broderick and I were sent out to investigate a historical business building in Conway, South Carolina on our first class outing. That ended up being a hoot while learning more about our city our college is part of here. BTW: I bought the grits in the store and they are tasty. Then our second outing as a class was to the Horry County Museum where we got a behind the scenes learning experience that coincided with our class teachings with archival, restorations, presentations, and museum management.  I’ve included a few pictures of what we saw at the Horry County Museum.

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Examining the “Vault”

Our third outing assigned was a volunteer event where we headed out solo to work in Public History. I choose to volunteer at Georgetown County Museum in Georgetown, South Carolina. Georgetown was the third city settled in the Proprietors’ colony known as Carolina, which became North and South Carolina. Thanks to the Director Ms. Elisabeth McKee, I was able to spend Halloween (prior) weekend as Thomas Lynch, Jr. performing as the docent (fancy college word for guide) for that Saturday.

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The Restoration Room

By the way, I don’t look like Mr. Lynch at all, but it was fun walking up and down the floors showing folks the history of the third city settled in the colony of South Carolina. In addition to showing folks the vast collection of historical items displayed at Georgetown, I was able to work on a fundraising mailing list when folks were not in the museum. This is something I look forwarding to doing again in the future. (Read more about my volunteer work here).

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Daniel as Thomas Lynch, Jr. Georgetown County Museum 2017

The latest subjects we have been learning about are right up my professional alley, G.I.S. and recreation of historical landscapes, structures, and events to add an even more involved experience for visitors to a site. It was totally intriguing to listen to the computer efforts at Coastal to return visitors to the Hampton Plantation in Georgetown County to what it was like, how they lived, what they worked on in an interactive environment much like most modern video games today.

If you are a History major at Coastal do not miss the opportunity to take this course that takes you out of deep research and writing for a brief time to show you what you can do with the knowledge you are learning here. That knowledge you are working on, can be turned into something the non-historian or casual-interest person can enjoy and learn from by honing your public history skillset(s) learned in this class.